It’s official, Huawei has presented its new operating system at its developer event. HarmonyOS has been developed from scratch and it will be able to work on all types of devices, not just the smartphone. The tablet, the computer, the smartwatch, the smart speaker and even the car. Everything lies in how the new operating system was designed.
The operating system has been rumored for some time. First, we had in November 2018 a confirmation from the company itself. The interest in the operating system increased when the war with the United States arose. They promised that it would be faster than Android. Now, with the official presentation, these developments that have come little by little make more sense.
Compatible and adaptable
Under the name of HarmonyOS, this new Huawei operating system looks more like Fuchsia from Google than Android, Windows, iOS or macOS. Huawei boasts that it is the first operating system capable of functioning correctly and with the same experience in any type of device. It has distributed architecture, which allows it to run on different platforms while maintaining the user experience.
HarmonyOS adapts to different screens so that the user experience is the same regardless of the device.
The idea is that HarmonyOS adapts to any screen but also different development methods. The HarmonyOS kernel is based on Linux, so it can read and run Android applications. But they also hope to develop the operating system so that in the future it can work with HTML5 applications too. At the moment they keep the Android Kernel, Linux (LiteOS) and HarmonyOS itself separate. Regardless of that, they hope to replace Linux in the future with HarmonyOS.
The HarmonyOS operating system is based on a microkernel structure, this makes it much more versatile since a universal kernel is not used for all devices, but smaller cores focused on different areas of the operating system. In principle, a more compact core capable of running on varied platforms is optimally achieved. This also allows not to grant root permissions to external services, as happens in Android. This means that, in principle, more security is offered to the user.
Huawei says that HarmonyOS is a lightweight operating system and capable of operating on devices with reduced performance. For this, they have the distributed architecture, which allows developers to make a single application and the operating system that decides how to display and run the app on each product. HarmonyOS has a latency engine that sets the priority for the execution of each task, thus making IPC performance more efficient and improving the performance on the device. In other words, HarmonyOS will optimize the apps in the best possible way in each type of device we use.
What products will HarmonyOS bring and when will they do it?
The important question, when and where are we going to see this new Huawei operating system? For now, Huawei phones are not going to change to HarmonyOS, they keep Android for now. Of course, ensure they have HarmonyOS in the bedroom if relations with Google are complicated. According to Huawei officials, they could make the change “in one or two days” since “migrating from Android to HarmonyOS is not very complicated.” Currently, EMUI has more than 500 million daily active users in 216 countries and 77 languages.
The first device with HarmonyOS will be an Honor TV that will arrive tomorrow.
According to the HarmonyOS roadmap, HarmonyOS development began in 2017, which is when they developed the operating system kernel. But it was this year when the first version 1.0 of HarmonyOS has officially arrived. An open-source version (the operating system is open-source, by the way). A cross-platform development environment (IDEA) in beta form is launched during 2019.
By 2020 they expect to have, among other things, a compiler for multiple development languages, a multi-device development environment and the general architecture of the microkernel among other things. By 2021 they will focus on optimizing the software and its integration with the different products that are being launched. In an initial phase, HarmonyOS will be launched only in China, although over time they hope to expand it internationally.
As far as products are concerned, some computers with HarmonyOS will arrive in 2020 and also smartwatches and health bracelets with this operating system. By 2021 they expect to have smart speakers with HarmonyOS and by 2022 and from now on virtual reality glasses and other products.
As always, it will depend on the host of the ecosystem by developers and users to see what the development of the operating system will be in the future. Huawei has a large user base thanks to its devices, now it is necessary to see how to migrate to HarmonyOS gradually and how is the development of applications and services compatible with the operating system. At the moment HarmonyOS is more an announcement and presentation, there is no demo of the operation of the operating system.
Images Via xda-developers
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